In virtually every area they are our neighbor. They’re the quiet guy that lives down the street and you know he lives there whether or not you run into him.
This is part of why though foxes are in the Canid / Dog Family which makes them carnivores they’re still opportunistic eaters. You will find the things on the typical fox diet; rabbits, snakes, mice, rats, birds, road kill for example, but depending on the region all types of”additional foods” will be added. They may contain fruits, vegetables, berries, bugs, fish, eggs or anything else can help fill the belly.
Following a gestation period of 50-53 days the kits are born with their eyes closed. Normally 2-4 pups in a litter. Eyes will start in about 2 weeks, and somewhere around 5 months they will start to venture out of their den. Mom & Dad will work as a team taking turns hunting to make sure their family stays fed. They are also excellent hoarders for the next lean time. Stashing and burying what they can’t eat for another meal.
With so much thought on their family you would think a fox would run in packs, like wolves, but this isn’t so. A fox prefers solitary searching and usually if you see them in groups its a family unit with older kids that have not abandoned the den yet and are being taught the fine art of making a living.
They have some of the biggest litters of foxes, probably because of their high mortality rate.
The Swift is a very vocal little fox. Only about 40% of it’s historical range stays. No longer on the Endangered list in the United States but still is listed as Endangered in Canada. The Swift Fox was recorded as extinct in Canada before reintroduction programs upped the population. It is still listed as protected in america. The Swift Fox gets it’s name from how it’s… faaast! It’s been clocked running at greater than 60 Km per hour.
The Gray Fox enjoys the canyons, open desert, chaparral, mountainous regions and among boulders on the slopes of rocky ridges are some of the areas this fox lives. These foxes have a special trait, they could climb trees as if they were in the cat family.
They have a black tipped tail instead of the white tip that the Red Fox has.
Now the Red Fox is among the most common foxes. This is the one the majority of us have observed. The Gray and the Red Foxes are among the largest and the widest spread. The majority of the Pacific countries have a bigger Grey Fox population then Red Fox. The farther east you go the more Red Foxes until on the other side of the states the Red is more prevalent. With this said… here in Colorado we see LOTS more Crimson instead of Gray Foxes.
The Silver Fox is most commonly found in the North Western area of the US. These pelts were worth a lot and so the bad Silver Fox was nearly hunted and trapped outside. Fortunately now under protection they are making a come back.
Then the tiny Kit Fox is listed as endangered in Colorado. It’s regarded as one of the nation’s most vulnerable creatures due to the small population left. Kit foxes like to occupy semi-desert scrubland. They’re among the smallest of the foxes and like to spend most of they’re time underground. They live in tiny groups with many dens and numerous entrances. Emerging at night to hunt.
So remember when you see that fox… he is just out trying to earn a living.